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Adrienne Stiff-Roberts

Adrienne Stiff-Roberts

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Dr. Stiff-Roberts received both the B.S. degree in physics from Spelman College and the B.E.E. degree in electrical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1999. She received an M.S.E. in electrical engineering and a Ph.D. in applied physics in 2001 and 2004, respectively, from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where she investigated high-temperature quantum dot infrared photodetectors grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Dr. Stiff-Roberts joined Duke University in August 2004, and she is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Dr. Stiff-Roberts' research interests include the synthesis of multi-component and hybrid (organic-inorganic) materials using a novel approach for organic-based thin film deposition that combines solution and vacuum-processing. Known as emulsion-based, resonant infrared matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIR-MAPLE), this technique offers a completely new way to integrate novel functions into organic-based films and devices that are difficult, if not impossible, to achieve otherwise. Research efforts include materials synthesis and characterization to investigate the fundamental mechanisms of thin-film growth using RIR-MAPLE, as well as device fabrication and characterization for a broad range of applications (especially optoelectronic and energy devices).

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Faculty Network Member of The Energy Initiative

Contact Information


  • Ph.D. University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 2004
  • M.Sc.Eng. University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, 2001
  • B.S.E.E. Georgia Institute of Technology, 1999
  • B.S. Spelman College, 1999

Research Interests

Nanomaterials resulting from quantum confinement in three dimensions, known as nanoparticles or quantum dots, exhibit unique characteristics compared to conventional, bulk materials because of their small size, and because nanomaterials can be tailored to exhibit desired properties by controlling their synthesis and their incorporation into thin films. My research group investigates two different types of quantum dots. First, epitaxial quantum dots (EQDs) are inorganic, compound semiconductor nanomaterials synthesized in ultra-high vacuum, crystal growth systems, such as molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). These nanostructures are three-dimensional islands with a lens or pyramid shape that are affixed to a substrate and result from strained-layer epitaxy, which occurs due to the lattice mismatch between the EQD material and a surrounding compound semiconductor material (matrix). Second, colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) are dielectric, semiconductor, or metallic nanomaterials synthesized by inorganic chemistry and surrounded by organic molecules such that they are soluble. These nanostructures often have a spherical shape and are frequently embedded in an organic matrix material, such as charge conducting polymers. These material systems are then called organic/inorganic hybrid nanocomposites. Hybrid nanocomposites are especially interesting because they could enable a new class of optoelectronic devices that are low-cost, can be deployed in novel ways, and can provide multiple functions for unique applications. For example, the simultaneous detection of light across different wavelength regions, or multi-spectral photodetection, could be achieved by integrating different CQDs in a single device. An important challenge to making useful devices from hybrid nanocomposites is controlling the synthesis of thin films. A novel component of my research is a hybrid nanocomposite thin film deposition technique known as matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE). My group has established a new approach to MAPLE deposition that drastically expands its applicability to numerous material systems and yields thin films with structural properties comparable to the best achieved using traditional solution-based techniques.An important aspect of my work is to demonstrate the value added by MAPLE in terms of electrical and optical properties of hybrid nanocomposite thin films, as well as enhanced device performance and unique device structures that can be achieved.

Awards, Honors, and Distinctions

  • Faculty Honoree. Duke University Senior Honors. 2017
  • Invited Speaker. National Academy of Engineering (NAE), EU-US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium, Finland. 2016
  • Julian Abele Award for Graduate Mentor of the Year. Mary Lou Williams Center, Black Student Alliance, and Black Graduate and Professional Student Association. 2016
  • IEEE Early Career Award in Nanotechnology for “contributions to the development of nanoscale quantum dots for infrared detection”. IEEE Nanotechnology Council. 2009
  • Senior Member. IEEE. 2009
  • Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. Department of Defense, Office of Naval Research. 2008
  • Young Investigator Award. Office of Naval Research. 2007
  • NSF CAREER AWARD. National Science Foundation. 2006
  • Inducted. Phi Beta Kappa Society. 1998
  • Inducted. Sigma Pi Sigma Physics Honor Society. 1998
  • Inducted. Golden Key Honor Society. 1996

Courses Taught

  • ECE 230L: Introduction to Microelectronic Devices and Circuits
  • ECE 341L: Solar Cells
  • ECE 521: Quantum Mechanics

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Dunlap-Shohl, WA; Barraza, ET; Barrette, A; Gundogdu, K; Stiff-Roberts, AD; Mitzi, DB, MAPbI3Solar Cells with Absorber Deposited by Resonant Infrared Matrix-Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, Acs Energy Letters, vol 3 no. 2 (2018), pp. 270-275 [10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01144] [abs].
  • Dunlap-Shohl, WA; Barraza, ET; Barrette, A; Gundogdu, K; Stiff-Roberts, AD; Mitzi, DB, MAPbI 3 Solar Cells with Absorber Deposited by Resonant Infrared Matrix-Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, Acs Energy Letters, vol 3 no. 2 (2018), pp. 270-275 [10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01144] [abs].
  • Stiff-Roberts, AD; Ge, W, Organic/hybrid thin films deposited by matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE), Applied Physics Reviews, vol 4 no. 4 (2017), pp. 041303-041303 [10.1063/1.5000509] [abs].
  • Ge, W; Hoang, TB; Mikkelsen, MH; Stiff-Roberts, AD, RIR-MAPLE deposition of plasmonic silver nanoparticles, Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, vol 122 no. 9 (2016) [10.1007/s00339-016-0360-9] [abs].
  • Ge, W; Li, NK; McCormick, RD; Lichtenberg, E; Yingling, YG; Stiff-Roberts, AD, Emulsion-Based RIR-MAPLE Deposition of Conjugated Polymers: Primary Solvent Effect and Its Implications on Organic Solar Cell Performance., Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol 8 no. 30 (2016), pp. 19494-19506 [10.1021/acsami.6b05596] [abs].