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Michael Howard Bergin
Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
My general research focus is on the influence of air pollution on both climate and human health. My specific interest is particulate matter (PM), and I have done a wide range of studies on the emission, formation, deposition and impacts of PM. I am particularly interested in how PM impacts climate by modifying the radiation balance of the atmosphere and I have done studies in both pristine regions of the world (Greenland and the Himalaya), as well as hazy regions (the Southeastern US, China, and India). More recently I have been studying the influence of PM on human health with emphasis on determining the relative contributions of sources (such as biomass burning and vehicular emissions) to acute health impacts. I am also involved in developing and deploying the next generation of air quality sensors to inform citizens on the quality of the air they are breathing so that they can make informed decisions to improve their air. My vision involves combining a multidisciplinary, multicultural approach to research and education that brings together researchers from around the world to collectively work together to make the air cleaner.
Appointments and Affiliations
- Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Duke Kunshan University
- Faculty Network Member of The Energy Initiative
- Affiliate, Duke Global Health Institute
- Member of the Duke Cancer Institute
- Office Location: 127B Hudson Hall, Box 90287, Durham, NC 27708
- Office Phone: (919) 660-5209
- Email Address: email@example.com
- Ph.D. Carnegie Mellon University, 1995
Aerosols are generated by a variety of natural and anthropogenic sources. I am interested in the processes that emit, transform and deposit particulate matter. A current focus of my research is how particles in the atmosphere directly modify the surface radiation balance of the Earth. This is of importance to the climate of the Earth, as well as plant growth and visibility. We have conducted studies at a variety of polluted urban sites as well as pristine remote sites to understand the contrast between clean and dirty locations. Another interest is the past impacts of aerosols on climate through interpretation of paleorecords archived in ice cores. My work involves a combination of lab and field studies as well as the development of relatively simple mathematical models.
- CEE 292: Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
- CEE 492: Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
- CEE 494: Research Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
- CEE 690: Advanced Topics in Civil and Environmental Engineering
- CEE 780: Internship
- COMPSCI 393: Research Independent Study
- ECE 392: Projects in Electrical and Computer Engineering
- EGR 101L: Engineering Design and Communication
In the News
- Spotting Air Pollution with Satellites, Better Than Ever Before (Apr 22, 2020 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Bedroom Air Filters Help Asthmatic Children Breathe Easier (Apr 9, 2020 | Nicholas School of the Environment)
- Pratt Undergrads Learn Fieldwork Methods by Examining Air and Water in China (Sep 9, 2019)
- Seeking Solutions to Pollution, Duke, Indian Researchers Point to Need for Public Access to Data (Dec 14, 2018 | Duke Global)
- Duke Launches India Initiative with Talk on Air Pollution (Sep 21, 2017 | Duke Global)
- As India's Climate Changes, Farmers In The North Experiment With New Crops (Aug 20, 2017 | NPR Weekend Edition Sunday)
- Rush Hour Pollution May Be More Dangerous Than You Think (Jul 21, 2017 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Air Pollution Casts Shadow over Solar Energy Production (Jun 26, 2017 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Research From a New Point of View (May 22, 2017 | Duke Stories)
- From Bolivia to India: Of Our Air, Our Environment and Our Health (Apr 28, 2017 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Indian Roadside Refuse Fires Produce Toxic Rainbow (Oct 24, 2016 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Taking Air Quality Research to New Heights (Apr 29, 2016)
- Engineering Professor Offers A Personal Approach to Addressing Climate Issues (Dec 21, 2015)
- Research and New Policies Protect the Lungs of India (Feb 9, 2015 | Duke Research Blog)
- Michael Bergin: Studying Tiny Particles with a Giant Global Impact (Jan 27, 2015 | Pratt School of Engineering)
- Barkjohn, KK; Norris, C; Cui, X; Fang, L; He, L; Schauer, JJ; Zhang, Y; Black, M; Zhang, J; Bergin, MH, Children's microenvironmental exposure to PM2.5 and ozone and the impact of indoor air filtration., Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, vol 30 no. 6 (2020), pp. 971-980 [10.1038/s41370-020-00266-5] [abs].
- Rocha-Melogno, L; Ginn, O; Bailey, ES; Soria, F; Andrade, M; Bergin, MH; Brown, J; Gray, GC; Deshusses, MA, Bioaerosol sampling optimization for community exposure assessment in cities with poor sanitation: A one health cross-sectional study., The Science of the Total Environment, vol 738 (2020) [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139495] [abs].
- He, L; Cui, X; Li, Z; Teng, Y; Barkjohn, KK; Norris, C; Fang, L; Lin, L; Wang, Q; Zhou, X; Hong, J; Li, F; Zhang, Y; Schauer, JJ; Black, M; Bergin, MH; Zhang, JJ, Malondialdehyde in Nasal Fluid: A Biomarker for Monitoring Asthma Control in Relation to Air Pollution Exposure., Environmental Science & Technology, vol 54 no. 18 (2020), pp. 11405-11413 [10.1021/acs.est.0c02558] [abs].
- Li, X; Mauzerall, DL; Bergin, MH, Global reduction of solar power generation efficiency due to aerosols and panel soiling, Nature Sustainability, vol 3 no. 9 (2020), pp. 720-727 [10.1038/s41893-020-0553-2] [abs].
- Barkjohn, KK; Norris, C; Cui, X; Fang, L; Zheng, T; Schauer, JJ; Li, Z; Zhang, Y; Black, M; Zhang, JJ; Bergin, MH, Real-time measurements of PM2.5 and ozone to assess the effectiveness of residential indoor air filtration in Shanghai homes., Indoor Air (2020) [10.1111/ina.12716] [abs].