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Michael Howard Bergin

Bergin

Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

My general research focus is on the influence of air pollution on both climate and human health. My specific interest is particulate matter (PM), and I have done a wide range of studies on the emission, formation, deposition and impacts of PM. I am particularly interested in how PM impacts climate by modifying the radiation balance of the atmosphere and I have done studies in both pristine regions of the world (Greenland and the Himalaya), as well as hazy regions (the Southeastern US, China, and India). More recently I have been studying the influence of PM on human health with emphasis on determining the relative contributions of sources (such as biomass burning and vehicular emissions) to acute health impacts. I am also involved in developing and deploying the next generation of air quality sensors to inform citizens on the quality of the air they are breathing so that they can make informed decisions to improve their air. My vision involves combining a multidisciplinary, multicultural approach to research and education that brings together researchers from around the world to collectively work together to make the air cleaner.

Appointments and Affiliations

  • Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Duke Kunshan University
  • Faculty Network Member of The Energy Initiative
  • Affiliate, Duke Global Health Institute
  • Member of the Duke Cancer Institute

Contact Information

  • Office Location: 127B Hudson Hall, Box 90287, Durham, NC 27708
  • Office Phone: (919) 660-5209
  • Email Address: michael.bergin@duke.edu
  • Websites:

Education

  • Ph.D. Carnegie Mellon University, 1995

Research Interests

Aerosols are generated by a variety of natural and anthropogenic sources. I am interested in the processes that emit, transform and deposit particulate matter. A current focus of my research is how particles in the atmosphere directly modify the surface radiation balance of the Earth. This is of importance to the climate of the Earth, as well as plant growth and visibility. We have conducted studies at a variety of polluted urban sites as well as pristine remote sites to understand the contrast between clean and dirty locations. Another interest is the past impacts of aerosols on climate through interpretation of paleorecords archived in ice cores. My work involves a combination of lab and field studies as well as the development of relatively simple mathematical models.

Courses Taught

  • CEE 292: Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • CEE 492: Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • CEE 493: Research Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • CEE 494: Research Independent Study in Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • CEE 690: Advanced Topics in Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • CEE 780: Internship
  • COMPSCI 393: Research Independent Study
  • ECE 392: Projects in Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • EGR 101L: Engineering Design and Communication

In the News

Representative Publications

  • Brehmer, C; Norris, C; Barkjohn, KK; Bergin, MH; Zhang, J; Cui, X; Zhang, Y; Black, M; Li, Z; Shafer, M; Schauer, JJ, The impact of household air cleaners on the chemical composition and children's exposure to PM2.5 metal sources in suburban Shanghai., Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), vol 253 (2019), pp. 190-198 [10.1016/j.envpol.2019.07.003] [abs].
  • Zheng, T; Bergin, MH; Sutaria, R; Tripathi, SN; Caldow, R; Carlson, DE, Gaussian process regression model for dynamically calibrating and surveilling a wireless low-cost particulate matter sensor network in Delhi, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol 12 no. 9 (2019), pp. 5161-5181 [10.5194/amt-12-5161-2019] [abs].
  • Norris, C; Fang, L; Barkjohn, KK; Carlson, D; Zhang, Y; Mo, J; Li, Z; Zhang, J; Cui, X; Schauer, JJ; Davis, A; Black, M; Bergin, MH, Sources of volatile organic compounds in suburban homes in Shanghai, China, and the impact of air filtration on compound concentrations., Chemosphere, vol 231 (2019), pp. 256-268 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.05.059] [abs].
  • Fang, L; Norris, C; Johnson, K; Cui, X; Sun, J; Teng, Y; Tian, E; Xu, W; Li, Z; Mo, J; Schauer, JJ; Black, M; Bergin, M; Zhang, J; Zhang, Y, Toxic volatile organic compounds in 20 homes in Shanghai: Concentrations, inhalation health risks, and the impacts of household air cleaning, Building and Environment, vol 157 (2019), pp. 309-318 [10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.04.047] [abs].
  • Williams, R; Duvall, R; Kilaru, V; Hagler, G; Hassinger, L; Benedict, K; Rice, J; Kaufman, A; Judge, R; Pierce, G; Allen, G; Bergin, M; Cohen, RC; Fransioli, P; Gerboles, M; Habre, R; Hannigan, M; Jack, D; Louie, P; Martin, NA; Penza, M; Polidori, A; Subramanian, R; Ray, K; Schauer, J; Seto, E; Thurston, G; Turner, J; Wexler, AS; Ning, Z, Deliberating performance targets workshop: Potential paths for emerging PM2.5 and O3 air sensor progress, Atmospheric Environment: X, vol 2 (2019) [10.1016/j.aeaoa.2019.100031] [abs].